The Ultimate Guide to MPRT on Monitors: Enhancing Your Visual Experience

moving picture response time

For high-performance computing and gaming, the responsiveness and clarity of your monitor can make or break your visual experience. MPRT, or Moving Picture Response Time, is a crucial specification that directly impacts motion blur and ghosting, ensuring smooth and seamless visuals during fast-paced action.

What is MPRT and How Does it Affect Your Monitor's Performance?

MPRT (Moving Picture Response Time) is a measure of the perceived motion blur on a display, taking into account both the pixel response time and the display's refresh rate. It represents the time a pixel is visible during a frame, which directly impacts motion blur.

Unlike traditional response time measurements like GtG (Grey-to-Grey), which only consider the pixel transition speed, MPRT accounts for the sample-and-hold nature of LCD displays. Even with fast pixel response times, the hold nature of LCDs causes motion blur due to the pixel remaining visible for the full frame duration.

To achieve low MPRT values and reduce motion blur, displays require either a high refresh rate (e.g., 240Hz or higher) to shorten the frame duration and pixel visibility time, or a motion blur reduction mode that flashes the backlight for a short duration within each frame (e.g., 1ms), effectively reducing the pixel visibility time.

Without these measures, MPRT is directly linked to the refresh rate. For example, on a 60Hz display, MPRT is 16.7ms (1000ms / 60Hz), while on a 120Hz display, it is halved to 8.3ms.

Manufacturers sometimes misuse the MPRT specification by quoting unrealistically low values (e.g., 1ms) on displays without a motion blur reduction mode. In reality, achieving true 1ms MPRT requires either a 1000Hz display with 1000fps content or a display with a 1ms backlight flash in a motion blur reduction mode.

MPRT vs. GTG: Understanding the Difference

MPRT (Moving Picture Response Time) and GtG (Grey-to-Grey) are two different metrics used to measure a display's pixel response time, but they represent different aspects of the same phenomenon.

GtG measures how long it takes for a pixel to change from one shade of grey to another, representing the time it takes for a pixel to complete a color transition. MPRT, on the other hand, measures how long a pixel remains visible on the screen. Even after a pixel finishes its GtG transition, it can still remain visible for some time until the next refresh cycle.

The key difference is that MPRT is limited by the refresh rate and frame duration. For example, on a 60Hz display, each frame is visible for at least 1/60th of a second (16.67ms). This means that even if a pixel has a GtG response time of 1ms, it will still be visible for the entire frame duration, creating motion blur when tracked by the eye.

You can demonstrate this with the popular TestUFO animation. The background appears differently depending on which UFO you look at, illustrating the effect of eye tracking on motion blur.

MPRT is more relevant for real-world usage, as it directly affects the perceived motion blur. Even if a display has a very fast GtG response time, it can still exhibit noticeable motion blur due to a high MPRT.

For gamers, a low MPRT is crucial for reducing motion blur and providing a clear, responsive gaming experience. Graphic designers and photographers may prioritize color accuracy, which is more closely related to GtG performance.

The Benefits of MPRT for Gaming and Video

MPRT (Moving Picture Response Time) is a crucial metric for gaming monitors, as it directly impacts motion clarity and reduces eye strain during fast-paced gaming or video playback.

MPRT measures the time it takes for a pixel to change from one color to another and back again. A lower MPRT means pixels can change colors faster, resulting in less motion blur and ghosting during rapid on-screen movements. This is especially important for gaming, where fast-moving objects and camera panning can cause blurring if the monitor's MPRT is too high.

Gamers often report less eye fatigue and headaches when using monitors with low MPRT, as the reduced motion blur puts less strain on the eyes during long gaming sessions. This is because the brain doesn't have to work as hard to process and interpret blurry images.

4ms vs 1ms mprt

Professional gamers and esports athletes prioritize low MPRT monitors to gain a competitive edge. The improved motion clarity allows them to track fast-moving targets more easily and react quicker to in-game events. Many top gaming monitors advertise MPRT as low as 1ms, indicating the level of engineering and optimization that goes into minimizing motion blur.

How to Activate and Optimize MPRT Mode on Your Monitor

Here are the key steps to activate and optimize MPRT (Motion Picture Response Time) mode on your monitor:

Enabling MPRT

  • On MSI monitors, go to the OSD (On-Screen Display) menu and navigate to Gaming > MPRT. Turn MPRT on.
    enable MPRT on MSI monitor
  • On Philips monitors, go to the OSD menu and select MPRT. Note that MPRT is a gaming-optimized mode and cannot be used while adjusting brightness.
    enable MPRT on Philips monitor
  • On BenQ monitors, MPRT is a measure of how long a pixel remains visible on the screen. Monitors with low MPRT (e.g. 1ms) have been engineered to minimize motion blur and ghosting.

Adjusting Settings

  • On MSI monitors, you can adjust the MPRT level from 0-20. Higher levels reduce more motion blur but may cause more flicker. Start at a lower level and increase until you achieve the desired balance.
  • On Philips monitors, be aware that turning on MPRT may cause noticeable screen flickering. It's recommended to turn off MPRT when not using the gaming function.
  • On BenQ monitors, MPRT is very subjective and sensitive to blur differs among individuals. A 1ms MPRT monitor indicates advanced engineering to optimize the panel for gaming.

Other Tips

  • Make sure your monitor is running the latest firmware for optimal MPRT performance.
  • Use a high-quality DisplayPort or HDMI cable to ensure your GPU can deliver the full bandwidth required for high refresh rates and low MPRT.
  • Pair MPRT with other gaming features like AMD FreeSync or Nvidia G-Sync for the smoothest possible motion.

    By following these steps to enable and fine-tune MPRT on your monitor, you can enjoy the benefits of reduced motion blur and ghosting for an enhanced gaming experience. Just be aware of potential tradeoffs like increased flicker at higher MPRT levels.

    Common Misconceptions and FAQs About MPRT

    Here are some common misconceptions and FAQs about monitor response times (MPRT):

    Misconceptions

    • MPRT is the same as GTG (gray-to-gray) response time: MPRT and GTG are different metrics that measure monitor responsiveness in different ways. GTG measures the time it takes for a pixel to change from one shade of gray to another, while MPRT measures the perceived motion blur caused by the monitor's pixel response time and persistence.

    • Higher MPRT numbers are better: Lower MPRT numbers actually indicate less motion blur and better motion clarity. A monitor with a 1ms MPRT will have less motion blur than one with a 4ms MPRT.

    • MPRT is a standardized measurement: There is no industry standard for measuring MPRT. Manufacturers may use different methods to calculate and report MPRT, so numbers from different brands are not directly comparable.

    MPRT Testing: How to Measure and What to Look For

    How to Measure MPRT

    You can measure a display's MPRT using the TestUFO MPRT test. Here's how:

    1. Open the TestUFO MPRT test in your web browser
    2. Slowly adjust the "Pixels Per Frame" setting until the background looks like a perfect checkerboard with squares of equal size
    3. The "Pixels Per Frame" value at this point equals the display's MPRT in pixels

    For example, if the background looks best at 4 pixels per frame, the MPRT is 4ms on a 240Hz display (1000ms / 240Hz = 4.17ms per frame).

    motion blur from persistence on impulsed displays
    Credit: TestUFO Official Website

    Some tips:

    • Use a larger "Size" setting for more accurate measurements, but lower settings are easier for faster displays
    • Strobe backlight technologies often require a "Pixels Per Frame" of 1 or 2 to measure 1-2ms MPRT
    • Take breaks to avoid eye strain

    What to Look For in MPRT Specs

    A lower MPRT means less motion blur. Ideally, look for a display with 1ms MPRT or less for the best motion clarity. However, keep in mind:

    • MPRT is heavily dependent on refresh rate - a 240Hz display can achieve 1ms MPRT without any special backlight technology
    • Manufacturers sometimes exaggerate MPRT specs or use misleading terminology like "Motion Clarity Ratio"
    • MPRT of 1ms or less is still visible to the human eye, especially at high pixel densities

    So while MPRT is a more meaningful spec than GtG for evaluating motion blur, it's important to understand the nuances. Pair MPRT measurements with real-world observations to assess a display's motion performance.

    Choosing the Right Monitor: MPRT and Other Key Factors to Consider

    When choosing a monitor, it's important to consider several key factors beyond just MPRT (Moving Picture Response Time). Here are some tips to help you select the right monitor for your needs:

    MPRT vs GTG Response Time

    MPRT measures how long a pixel remains visible on the screen during motion, while GTG (Grey-to-Grey) measures the time it takes for a pixel to change from one shade of grey to another. MPRT is generally considered a more accurate representation of real-world motion performance.

    A lower MPRT (e.g. 1ms) reduces motion blur and ghosting, resulting in a smoother image during fast motion like gaming. However, not all manufacturers provide MPRT specs, so GTG is still commonly used for comparison.

    Other Key Factors

    • Refresh Rate: Higher refresh rates (e.g. 144Hz, 240Hz) provide a smoother, more responsive experience, especially for gaming. Look for a high refresh rate to match your GPU's performance.

      144Hz vs 180Hz vs 240Hz
    • Panel Type: IPS panels offer the best color accuracy and viewing angles, while VA provides high contrast ratios. TN panels have the fastest response times but lower image quality.

    • Resolution: Higher resolutions (e.g. 1440p, 4K) provide sharper, more detailed images, but require more GPU power. Match the resolution to your GPU and intended use case.

    • Size and Aspect Ratio: Consider the physical size and aspect ratio (e.g. 16:9, 21:9) that fits your desk space and viewing preferences.

      size and aspect ratio
    • Color Accuracy: Look for monitors with wide color gamuts and factory calibration if color accuracy is important for professional work.

    Also see: Arzopa Z1FC 144Hz Portable Gaming Monitor

    Upgraded 16.1" screen, make games and video have wider display space. Immerse yourself in vibrant colors and crisp details with 100% sRGB gamut and 1080P FHD resolution on a 16.1" IPS anti-glare display.

    Arzopa Z1FC 144Hz Portable Gaming Monitor 16.1" Screen

    Arzopa Z1FC 144Hz Portable Gaming Monitor 16.1 Inch Screen
    • 16.1 Inch Full HD (1920x1080p) IPS with a premium aluminum design.
    • 1.7 lb weight and 0.3-inch thickness make it ideal for on-the-go use.
    • Supports PS5, Xbox, Switch, Steam Deck, PCs, phone, and more.
    • Includes a built-in stand for both portrait and landscape viewing.

    Conclusion

    In this comprehensive guide, we've explored the intricacies of MPRT (Moving Picture Response Time) and its impact on your monitor's visual performance. From understanding the differences between MPRT and traditional response time measurements to optimizing MPRT settings for your specific use case, we've covered everything you need to know to enhance your viewing experience.

    Don't hesitate to share your thoughts and experiences with MPRT in the comments below. Let's continue the discussion in the comment section if you have any question.

    FAQs

    Q: What is a good MPRT value?

    A: For optimal motion clarity, look for a monitor with an MPRT of 3ms or less. However, other factors like refresh rate and overdrive settings also impact motion performance.

    Q: How does MPRT compare to refresh rate?

    A: Refresh rate and MPRT are related but measure different aspects of motion performance. Higher refresh rates reduce flicker, while lower MPRT reduces motion blur. The ideal is a monitor with both a high refresh rate and low MPRT.

    Q: Can MPRT be improved?

    A: Yes, monitor manufacturers can use overdrive technology to reduce pixel response times and lower MPRT. However, overdrive can introduce inverse ghosting artifacts if set too high.

    Q: Is MPRT more important than GTG?

    A: Both MPRT and GTG are useful metrics, but MPRT provides a more direct measure of real-world motion performance that accounts for both pixel response and persistence. For gaming and fast motion, MPRT is generally considered more important.

    RELATED ARTICLES

    Leave a comment

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    Please note, comments must be approved before they are published